About 350 tribes (sub-tribes being many more) speaking more than 100 languages and dialects have been specified as scheduled tribes in different specified as scheduled tribes in different states and union territories of India. (verma 1990) Santali language is the mother tongue of the Santals.
This tops the list among the tribal languages and dialects with 43, 32511 speakers to their credit as per 1981 census. Santali mother tongue they also speak Odiya in Odisa,Bengali in west Bengal, Hindi in Bihar, Assames in Assam etc.
The Santal woman in Mayurbhanj district plays a key role in the Santal society. She takes care of her house hold in on her. She rears children, maintains and looks after her house and does everything for the benefit and well-being of the family members. She too takes-up the work of house maid to supplement some additional income so that she could fulfil the needs of her and her children. She usually does more work than the man folk The women of Santal's too handles the expenditures of her house hold and tries to save money, such that it can be used when necessary. In Santal Society there are no discriminating between a son and a daughter.
The Santal women and people they gives to important both girl child and boy child.
Male work is different and female work is different from each other. But they often enjoy equal status in the society. They are traditionally divided into two types of work. So in the Santal society-both of then live happily and peacefully. However, males drink any alcohol thing them create a problem in the family.